Da-Allada, C. Y., J. Jouanno, F. Gaillard, N. Kolodziejczyk, C. Maes, N. Reul, and B. Bourlès (2017), Importance of the Equatorial Undercurrent on the sea surface salinity in the eastern equatorial Atlantic in boreal spring, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, 521–538, doi:10.1002/2016JC012342.

Grodsky, S. A., Reul, N., Chapron, B., Carton, J. A. and Bryan, F. O. (2017), Interannual surface salinity in Northwest Atlantic shelf. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans. Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1002/2016JC012580.

Guimbard S., N. Reul, B. Chapron, M. Umbert and C. Maes, 2017. Seasonal and interannual variability of the eastern tropical Pacific fresh pool, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, doi: 10.1002/2016JC012130.



Akhil, V. P., M. Lengaigne, F. Durand, J. Vialard, A. V. S. Chaitanya, M. G. Keerthi, V. V. Gopalakrishna, J. Boutin, and C. de Boyer Montégut (2016), Assessment of seasonal and year-to-year surface salinity signals retrieved from SMOS and Aquarius missions in the Bay of Bengal, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 37(5), 1089-1114, doi:10.1080/01431161.2016.1145362.

Boutin, J., N. Martin, N. Kolodziejczyk, and G. Reverdin (2016), Interannual anomalies of SMOS sea surface salinity, Remote Sensing of Environment, doi:

Boutin, J et al. (2016), Satellite and In Situ Salinity: Understanding Near-surface Stratification and Sub-footprint Variability, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol 91 No. 8, 1391—1407, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00032.1.

Kerr Yann, Reul Nicolas, Martín-Neira Manuel, Drusch Matthias, Alvera-Azcarate Aida, Wigneron Jean-Pierre, Mecklenburg Susanne, 2016, ESA's Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity Mission after six years in orbit – Achievements and novel applications. Remote Sensing of Environment.

Khazâal, Ali, Joseph Tenerelli, François Cabot., Impact of Sun glint on the SMOS Retrieved Brightness Temperature Maps for Almost Four Years of Data, Remote Sensing of Environment (2016),

Kolodziejczyk, N., J. Boutin, J.-L. Vergely, S. Marchand, N. Martin, and G. Reverdin Mitigation of systematic errors in SMOS sea surface salinity, 2016, Remote Sensing of Environment, doi:

Laifang Li et al. (2016), Implications of North Atlantic Sea Surface Salinity for Summer Precipitation over the U.S. Midwest: Mechanisms and Predictive Value [pdf], J. Climate, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0520.1.

Laifang Li et al. (2016), North Atlantic salinity as a predictor of Sahel rainfall [pdf], Science Advances , doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1501588.

Mecklenburg S., Drusch M., Kaleschke L., Rodriguez-Fernandez N., Reul Nicolas, Kerr Y., Font J., Martin-Neira M., Oliva R., Daganzo-Eusebio E., Grant J.P., Sabia R., Macelloni G., Rautiainen K., Fauste J., De Rosnay P., Munoz-Sabater J., Verhoest N., Lievens H., Delwart S., Crapolicchio R., De La Fuente A., Kornberg M., 2016, ESA's Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity mission: From science to operational applications. Remote Sensing of Environment.

Oliva R., Daganzo E., Richaume P., Kerr Y., Cabot F., Soldo Y., Anterrieu E., Reul Nicolas, Gutierrez A., Barbosa J., Lopes G., 2016 Status of Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) in the 1400–1427MHz passive band based on six years of SMOS mission. Remote Sensing of Environment.

Reul Nicolas, Chapron Bertrand, Zabolotskikh E., Donlon C., Quilfen Yves, Guimbard Sebastien, Piolle Jean-Francois A revised L-band radio-brightness sensitivity to extreme winds under tropical cyclones: The 5 year SMOS-Storm database. Remote Sensing of Environment.

Yin, X., J. Boutin, E. Dinnat, Q. Song, and A. Martin, 2016, Roughness and foam signature on SMOS-MIRAS brightness temperatures: A semi-theoretical approach, Remote Sensing of Environment, doi:

Zabolotskikh Elizaveta V., Reul Nicolas, Chapron Bertrand (2016). Geophysical Model Function for the AMSR2 C-Band Wind Excess Emissivity at High Winds. Ieee Geoscience And Remote Sensing Letters, 13(1), 78-81.



Brown, C. W., J. Boutin, and L. Merlivat (2015), New insights into fCO2 variability in the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean using SMOS SSS, Biogeosciences, 12(23), 7315-7329, doi:10.5194/bg-12-7315-2015.

Fournier Severine, Chapron Bertrand, Salisbury Joseph, Vandemark Douglas, Reul Nicolas Comparison of spaceborne measurements of sea surface salinity and colored detrital matter in the Amazon plume. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. Publisher's official version :

Kolodziejczyk, N., O. Hernandez, J. Boutin, and G. Reverdin (2015), SMOS salinity in the subtropical North Atlantic salinity maximum: 2. Two-dimensional horizontal thermohaline variability, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, doi:10.1002/2014JC010103.

Land Peter E., Shutler Jamie D., Findlay Helen, Girard-Ardhuin Fanny, Sabia Roberto, Reul Nicolas, Piolle Jean-Francois, Chapron Bertrand, Quilfen Yves, Salisbury Joseph E., Vandemark Douglas, Bellerby Richard, Bhadury Punyasloke (2015). Salinity from space unlocks satellite-based assessment of ocean acidification. Environmental Science & Technology, 49(4), 1987–1994.

Le Traon Pierre-Yves, Antoine D., Bentamy Abderrahim, Bonekamp H., Breivik L. A., Chapron Bertrand, Corlett G., Dibarboure G., Digiacomo P., Donlon C., Faugere Y., Font J., Girard-Ardhuin F., Gohin Francis, Johannessen J. A., Kamachi M., Lagerloef G., Lambin J., Larnicol Gilles, Le Borgne P., Leuliette E., Lindstrom E., Martin M. J., Maturi E., Miller L., Mingsen L., Morrow R., Reul N., Rio Myriam, Roquet H., Santoleri R., Wilkin J. (2015). Use of satellite observations for operational oceanography: recent achievements and future prospects. Journal Of Operational Oceanography, 8, S12-S27. Publisher's official version :, Open Access version :

Salisbury Joseph, Vandemark Douglas, Joensson Bror, Balch William, Chakraborty Sumit, Lohrenz Steven, Chapron Bertrand, Hales Burke, Mannino Antonio, Mathis Jeremy T., Reul Nicolas, Signorini Sergio R., Wanninkhof Rik, Yates Kimberly K. (2015). How Can Present and Future Satellite Missions Support Scientific Studies that Address Ocean Acidification? Oceanography, 28(2), 108-121. Publisher's official version :

Zabolotskikh Elizaveta, Mitnik Leonid, Reul Nicolas, Chapron Bertrand (2015). New Possibilities for Geophysical Parameter Retrievals Opened by GCOM-W1 AMSR2. IEEE journal of selected topics in applied earth observations and remote sensing, 99, 1-14. Publisher's official version :



Papers in Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans : Early scientific results from the salinity measuring satellites Aquarius/SAC-D and SMOS.

Anderson, J. E., and S. C. Riser (2014), Near-Surface Variability of Temperature and Salinity in the Near-Tropical Ocean: Observations from Profiling Floats, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2014JC010112.

Asher, W. E., A. T. Jessup, R. Branch, and D. Clark (2014), Observations of rain-induced near-surface salinity anomalies, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(8), 5483-5500, doi: 10.1002/2014JC009954.

Busecke, J., A. L. Gordon, Z. Li, F. M. Bingham, and J. Font (2014), Subtropical surface layer salinity budget and the role of mesoscale turbulence, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(7), 4124–4140, doi: 10.1002/2013JC009715.

Boutin, J., N. Martin, G. Reverdin, S. Morisset, X. Yin, L. Centurioni, and N. Reul (2014), Sea surface salinity under rain cells: SMOS satellite and in situ drifters observations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(8), 5533–5545, doi: 10.1002/2014JC010070.

Drucker, R., and S. C. Riser (2014), Validation of Aquarius sea surface salinity with Argo: Analysis of error due to depth of measurement and vertical salinity stratification, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(7), 4626-4637, doi: 10.1002/2014JC010045.

Grodsky S., G. Reverdin, J. Carton and V. Coles, 2014. Year-to-year salinity changes in the Amazon Plume: contrasting 2011 and 2012 Aquarius/SACD and SMOS satellite data. Remote Sensing of Environment,140 (2014) 14–22, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2013.08.033.

Hasson, A., T. Delcroix, J. Boutin, R. Dussin, and J. Ballabrera-Poy (2014), Analyzing the 2010–2011 La Niña signature in the tropical Pacific sea surface salinity using in situ data, SMOS observations, and a numerical simulation, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(6), 3855-3867, doi:10.1002/2013JC009388.

Hernandez, O., J. Boutin, N. Kolodziejczyk, G. Reverdin, N. Martin, F. Gaillard, N. Reul, and J. L. Vergely (2014), SMOS salinity in the subtropical North Atlantic salinity maximum: 1. Comparison with Aquarius and in situ salinity, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(12), 8878-8896, doi:10.1002/2013jc009610.

Maes, C., and T. J. O'Kane (2014), Seasonal variations of the upper ocean salinity stratification in the Tropics, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(3), 1706-1722, doi: 10.1002/2013JC009366.

Maes C. et al. (2014): The salinity signature of the equatorial Pacific cold tongue as revealed by the satellite SMOS mission, Geoscience Letters 2014, 1:17 doi: 10.1186/s40562-014-0017-5. And some additional figures on this blog.

Meissner, T., F. Wentz, J. Scott, and K. Hilburn, Upper Ocean Salinity Stratification and Rain Freshening in the Tropics Observed From Aquarius, Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), 2014 IEEE International, Quebec City, Canada, July 2014, doi : 10.1109/IGARSS.2014.6947647.

Martin, A. C. H., J. Boutin, D. Hauser, and E. P. Dinnat (2014), Active-passive synergy for interpreting ocean L-band emissivity: Results from the CAROLS airborne campaigns, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(8), 4940-4957, doi:10.1002/2014jc009890.

Nyadjro, E.S., and B. Subrahmanyam (2014): SMOS salinity mission reveals salinity structure of the Indian Ocean Dipole, IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol 11,9, 1564-1568, doi: 10.1109/LGRS.2014.2301594.

Reul, N., Y. Quilfen, B. Chapron, S. Fournier, V. Kudryavtsev, and R. Sabia (2014), Multisensor observations of the Amazon-Orinoco river plume interactions with hurricanes, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, n/a-n/a, doi: 10.1002/2014JC010107.

Reverdin, G., et al. (2014), Validation of Salinity Data from Surface Drifters, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 31(4), 967-983, doi:10.1175/jtech-d-13-00158.1. Santos-Garcia, A., M. M. Jacob, W. L. Jones, W. E. Asher, Y. Hejazin, H. Ebrahimi, and M. Rabolli (2015), Investigation of rain effects on Aquarius Sea Surface Salinity measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, n/a-n/a, doi: 10.1002/2014JC010137 [pdf].

Schanze, J. J., G. Lagerloef, R. W. Schmitt, and B. A. Hodges (2014), Snakes on a ship: Surface salinity observations during SPURS, Abstract presented at 2014 Ocean Science Meeting, Co-sponsored by ASLO, TOS, and AGU Honolulu, Hawaii, 23–28 February.

Reul, N., B. Chapron, T. Lee, C. Donlon, J. Boutin and G. Alory, 2014. Sea Surface Salinity structure of the meandering Gulf Stream revealed by SMOS sensor, Geophysical Research Letters, 41(9), 3141-3148, doi:10.1002/2014gl059215.

Vergely, J.-L., P. Waldteufel, J. Boutin, X. Yin, P. Spurgeon, and S. Delwart (2014), New total electron content retrieval improves SMOS sea surface salinity, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(10), 7295-7307, doi:10.1002/2014jc010150.

Yin, X., J. Boutin, N. Martin, P. Spurgeon, J.-L. Vergely, and F. Gaillard (2014a), Errors in SMOS Sea Surface Salinity and their dependency on a priori wind speed, Remote Sensing of Environment, 146(0), 159-171, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2013.09.008.

Yin, X., J. Boutin, G. Reverdin, T. Lee, S. Arnault, and N. Martin (2014), SMOSSea Surface Salinity signals of tropical instability waves, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(11), 7811-7826, doi:10.1002/2014JC009960.



Boutin, J., N. Martin, G. Reverdin, X. Yin and F. Gaillard: Sea surface freshening inferred from SMOS and ARGO salinity: Impact of rain, Ocean Science, 9, 183-192, doi: 10.5194/os-9-183-2013.

Durand F., G. Alory, R. Dussin and N. Reul, 2013. SMOS reveals the signature of Indian Ocean Dipole events. Ocean dynamics, DOI 10.1007/s10236-013-0660-y.

Grunseich, G., B. Subrahmanyam, and Bin Wang (2013). The Madden-Julian Oscillation detected in Aquarius Salinity observations, Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 1-6, doi: 10.1002/2013GL058173.

Grodsky, S.A., N. Reul, G. Reverdin, J.A. Carton, B. Chapron, Y. Quilfen, V.N. Kudryavtsev, G. Lagerloef, 2013. Haline hurricane wake in the Amazon/Orinoco plume. Aquarius/SACD and SMOS observations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L20603, doi:10.1029/2012GL053335.

Hasson A., T. Delcroix, and J. Boutin, 2013. Formation and variability of the South Pacific Sea Surface Salinity maximum in recent decades. J. Geophys. Res., 118, 1-8, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20367.

Maes C., B. Dewitte, J. Sudre, V. Garçon, and D. Varillon: Small-scale features of temperature and salinity surface fields in the Coral Sea, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118, 5426–5438, doi: 10.1002/jgrc.20344, 2013.

Nyadjro, E.S., and B. Subrahmanyam, and B.S. Giese (2013). Variability of Salt flux in the Indian Ocean during 1960-2008, Remote Sensing of Environment, 134, 175-193, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2013.03.005.

Reul, N., S. Fournier, J. Boutin, O. Hernandez, C. Maes, B. Chapron, G. Alory, Y. Quilfen, J. Tenerelli, S. Morisset, Y. Kerr, S. Mecklenburg, and S. Delwart, 2013. SSS observations from space with the SMOS satellite: a new means to monitor the marine branch of the water cycle. Surv. Geophys., doi 10.1007/s10712-013-9244-0.

Reverdin, G., S. Morisset, D. Bourras, N. Martin, A. Lourenço, J. Boutin, C. Caudoux, J. Font, J. Salvador: A SMOS surface wave rider for air-sea interaction (SURPACT), Oceanography, April 2013, doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2013.04.

Reverdin, G., S. Morisset, J. Boutin, N. Martin, P. Blouch, J. Rolland, F. Gaillard, P. Bouruet-Aubertot, B. Ward: Near-surface temperature stratification from SVP drifters, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 2013, doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00182.1.

Subrahmanyam, B. ,G. Grunseich, E.S. Nyadjro (2013). Preliminary SMOS salinity measurements and validation in the Indian Ocean, IEEE Transcations Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 50, 12, doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2012.2199122.

Tang, W., S. Yueh, A. Fore, G. Neumann, A. Hayashi, and G. Lagerloef (2013), The rain effect on Aquarius' L-band sea surface brightness temperature and radar backscatter, Remote Sensing of Environment, 137(0), 147-157, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2013.06.016.

Vinogradova, N. T., and R. M. Ponte (2013), Small-Scale Variability in Sea Surface Salinity and Implications for Satellite-Derived Measurements, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30(11), 2689-2694, doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00110.1.

Vinogradova N. T., and R. M. Ponte (2013). Small-scale variability in sea surface salinity and implications for satellite-derived measurements. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology , 30, 2689-2694, doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00110.1.



Alory, G., C. Maes, T. Delcroix, N. Reul, and S. Illig, 2012. Seasonal dynamics of sea surface salinity off Panama: the far eastern Pacific fresh pool. J. Geophys. Res., 117, C04028, doi:10.1029/2011JC007802.

Boutin,J., N. Martin, X. Yin, J. Font, N. Reul, and P. Spurgeon, “First assessment of SMOS data over open ocean: part II Sea Surface Salinity,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2012.2184546, 2012.

Font, J., J. Boutin, N. Reul, P. Spurgeon, J. Ballabrera-Poy, A. Chuprin, C. Gabarro, J. Gourrion, S. Guimbard, C. Hénocq et al., (2012) SMOS first data analysis for sea surface salinity determination, International Journal of Remote Sensing, DOI:10.1080/01431161.2012.716541.

Martin, A., J. Boutin, D. Hauser, G. Reverdin, M. Pardé, M. Zribi, P. Fanise, J. Chanut, P. Lazure, J. Tenerelli, N. Reul, Remote sensing of sea surface salinity from CAROLS L-band radiometer in the Gulf of Biscay, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 10.1109/TGRS.2012.2184766, 2012.

Nyadjro, E.S., B. Subrahmanyam, V.S.N. Murty, J.F. Shriver (2012). The Role of Salinity on the dynamics of the Arabian Sea Mini Warm Pool, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, doi: 10.1029/2012JC007978.

Reul, N. , J. Tenerelli, J. Boutin, B. Chapron, F. Paul, E. Brion, F. Gaillard, and O. Archer, “Overview of the First SMOS Sea Surface Salinity products Part I: Quality assessment for the second half of 2010,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 10.1109/TGRS.2012.2188408, 2012.

Reverdin, G., S. Morisset, J. Boutin, and N. Martin (2012), Rain-induced variability of near sea-surface T and S from drifter data, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117(C2), C02032, doi: 10.1029/2011jc007549.

Vinogradova N. T., and R. M. Ponte (2012). Assessing temporal aliasing in satellite-based surface salinity measurements. J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 29, 1391-1400.

Yin, X., J. Boutin, and P. Spurgeon, “First assessment of SMOS data over open ocean: part I Pacific Ocean,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 10.1109/TGRS.2012.2188407, 2012a.

Yin, X., J. Boutin and P. Spurgeon, Optimization of L-band sea surface emissivity models deduced from SMOS data, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2012.2184547, 2012b.

Zhang, Y., and Zhang, X.: Ocean haline skin layer and turbulent surface convections, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C04017, doi: 10.1029/2011jc007464, 2012.



Grunseich, G., B. Subrahmanyam, A. Arguez (2011). Influence of the Madden-Julian Oscillation on Sea Surface Salinity in the Indian Ocean, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 38, L17605, doi: 10.1029/2011GL049047.

Grunseich, G., B. Subrahmanyam, V.S.N. Murty, and B. S. Giese (2011). Sea Surface Salinity Variability during the Indian Ocean Dipole and ENSO events in the Tropical Indian Ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi: 10.1029/2011JC007456.

Nyadjro, E.S., B. Subrahmanyam, and J.F. Shriver (2011). Seasonal variability of Salt Transport during the Indian Ocean Monsoons, Journal of Geophysical Research , 116, doi: 10.1029/2011JC006993.

Salisbury, J., D. Vandemark, J. Campbell, C. Hunt, D. Wisser, N. Reul, and B. Chapron (2011), Spatial and temporal coherence between Amazon River discharge, salinity, and light absorption by colored organic carbon in western tropical Atlantic surface waters, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C00H02, doi:10.1029/2011JC006989.

Subrahmanyam, B., V.S.N. Murty, D. Heffner (2011). Sea surface salinity variability in the tropical Indian Ocean, Remote Sensing of the Environment, 115, 944-956, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2010.12.004.

Zribi, M., M. Pardé, J. Boutin, P. Fanise, D. Hauser, M. Dechambre, Y. Kerr, M. Leduc-Leballeur, G. Reverdin, N. Skou, S. Søbjærg, C. Albergel, J.C. Calvet, J.P. Wigneron, E. Lopez- Baeza, A. Ruis and J. Tenerelli, CAROLS: A New Airborne L-Band Radiometer for Ocean Surface and Land Observations, Sensors, 11, 719-742 doi:10.3390/s110100719, 2011.



Font, J., A. Camps, A. Borges, M. Martín-Neira, J. Boutin, N. Reul, Y. H. Kerr, A. Hahne, and S. Mecklenburg, SMOS: The Challenging Sea Surface Salinity Measurement from Space, Proceedings of the IEEE , vol 98, 5,649-665, 2010.

Hénocq, C., J. Boutin, G. Reverdin, F. Petitcolin, S. Arnault, P. Lattes: Vertical Variability of Near-Surface Salinity in the Tropics: Consequences for L-Band Radiometer Calibration and Validation, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 27, 192-209 (2010), doi: 10.1175/2009JTECHO670.1.

Kerr, Y.H., P. Waldteufel, J-P. Wigneron, F. Cabot, J. Boutin, M-J. Escorihuela, N. Reul, C. Gruhier, S. Juglea, J. Font, S. Delwart, M. Drinkwater, A. Hahne, M. Martín-Neira, and S. Mecklenburg, The SMOS mission: new tool for monitoring key elements of the global water cycle, Proceedings of the IEEE , vol 98, 5, 666-687, 2010 .

Lagerloef, G., Boutin, J., Chao, Y., Delcroix, T., Font, J., Niiler, P., Reul, N., Riser, S., Schmitt, R., Stammer, D. and Wentz, F.: Resolving the Global Surface Salinity Field and Variations by Blending Satellite and In Situ Observations, in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, 2010, doi: 10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.51.

Nyadjro, E.S., B. Subrahmanyam, V.S.N. Murty, J.F. Shriver (2010). Salt Transport in the near-surface layer in the Monsoon-influensed Indian ocean using HYCOM", Geophysical Research Letters,37, doi:10.1029/2010GL044127.

Yu, L. (2010), On Sea Surface Salinity Skin Effect Induced by Evaporation and Implications for Remote Sensing of Ocean Salinity, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 40(1), 85-102, doi: 10.1175/2009JPO4168.


Before 2010

Reul, N., S. Saux-Picart, B. Chapron, D. Vandemark, J. Tournadre, and J. Salisbury, "Demonstration of ocean surface salinity microwave measurements from space using AMSR-E data over the Amazon plume," Geophys. Res. Lett., vol. 36, pp. doi:10.1029/2009GL038860, 2009.

Vialard, J., et al. (2009), Cirene: Air—Sea Interactions in the Seychelles—Chagos Thermocline Ridge Region, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90(1), 45-61, doi: 10.1175/2008bams2499.1.

Heffner, D.M., B. Subrahmanyam, J.F. Shriver, and J.F. Blundell (2008). Indian Ocean Rossby waves detected in HYCOM sea surface salinity , Geophys. Res. Letts., 35, L03605, doi: 10.1029/2007GL032760.

JCGM member organizations (BIPM, IEC, IFCC, ILAC, ISO, IUPAC, IUPAP and OIML), 2008. Evaluation of measurement data — Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement [pdf], JCGM 100:2008.

Reul, N., J. Tenerelli, N. Floury, and B. Chapron, " Earth Viewing L-Band Radiometer sensing of Sea Surface Scattered Celestial Sky Radiation. Part II: Application to SMOS," IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 46, pp. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2007.914804, 2008.

Tenerelli Joseph, Reul Nicolas, Mouche Alexis, Chapron Bertrand (2008). Earth-viewing L-band radiometer sensing of sea surface scattered celestial sky radiation - Part I: General characteristics . IEEE-Transactions on geoscience and remote sensing , 46(3), 659-674,

Zine, S., J. Boutin, J. Font, N. Reul, P. Waldteufel, C. Gabarró, J. Tenerelli, F. Petitcolin, J. L. Vergely, M. Talone, and S. Delwart (2008), Overview of the SMOS sea surface salinity prototype processor, IEEE T. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 46, 621-645.

Mignot, J., C. de Boyer Montégut, A. Lazar, and S. Cravatte (2007), Control of salinity on the mixed layer depth in the world ocean: 2. Tropical areas, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 112(C10), C10010, doi: 10.1029/2006JC003954.

Reul Nicolas, Tenerelli Joseph, Chapron Bertrand, Waldteufel P (2007). Modeling sun glitter at L-band for sea surface salinity remote sensing with SMOS . IEEE - Transactions on geoscience and remote sensing , 45(7), 2073-2087 .

Reverdin, G., J. Boutin, A. Lourenco, P. Blouch, J. Rolland, P. P. Niiler, W. Scuba, and A. F. Rios (2007), Surface Salinity Measurements—COSMOS 2005 Experiment in the Bay of Biscay, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 24(9), 1643-1654, doi:10.1175/JTECH2079.1.

Zine, S., J. Boutin, P. Waldteufel, J. L. Vergely, T. Pellarin, and P. Lazure (2007), Issues About Retrieving Sea Surface Salinity in Coastal Areas From SMOS Data, Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on, 45(7), 2061-2072, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2007.894934.

Boutin, J., and N. Martin (2006), ARGO Upper Salinity Measurements: Perspectives for L-Band Radiometers Calibration and Retrieved Sea Surface Salinity Validation, IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 3(2), 202-206, doi:10.1109/lgrs.2005.861930.

Sabia Roberto, Camps A, Vall Ilossera M, Reul Nicolas (2006). Impact on sea surface salinity retrieval of different auxiliary data within the SMOS mission . IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing , 44(10), 2769-2778 . Publisher's official version :

Caudal, G., E. Dinnat, and J. Boutin (2005), Absolute Calibration of Radar Altimeters: Consistency with Electromagnetic Modeling, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 22(6), 771-781, doi:10.1175/JTECH1743.1.

Camps A, Vall-Ilossera M, Villarino R, Reul Nicolas, Chapron Bertrand, Corbella I, Duffo N, Torres F, Miranda Jj, Sabia R, Monerris A, Rodriguez R (2005). The emissivity of foam-covered water surface at L-band: Theoretical modeling and experimental results from the frog 2003 field experiment . Ieee Transactions On Geoscience And Remote Sensing , 43(5), 925-937 . Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :

Delcroix, T., M. McPhaden, A. Dessier, and Y. Gouriou, 2005. Time and space scales for sea surface salinity in the tropical oceans. Deep Sea. Res., 52/5, 787-813, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2004.11.012.

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